We have a strong tradition supported by early authorities which connects John the Apostle with the city of Ephesos. According to Eusebios of Caesarea – perhaps the earliest historian of the Church true to name – Polycrates (bishop of Ephesos at the end of the 2nd century) claimed his city to be the home of John, of that particular John ‘who reclined in the bosom of the Lord’. Irenaeus the bishop of Lyons and a contemporary of Polycrates, said that when a youth he himself had heard Polycarp (bishop of Smyrna) speak of having known John in person. Irenaeus concludes that this John, the disciple of the Lord, lived in Ephesos until the reign of Trajan and published his Gospel there. According to tradition, during the persecution of Domitian John was exiled to the small island of Patmos (one of the present Dodecanese Islands) where he put in writing his Christian visions in the form of the Revelation as we have it today. According to the same tradition, John died in Ephesos about the year 104 A.D. over 100 years old. His evangelical symbol is the Eagle, apparently because of the ‘high flying’ introductory ideas of his Gospel and because of the sky-dwelling visions’ of his Revelation. His memory is celebrated by the Orthodox Church on May 8 and September 26.
by the Late Very Rev N Patrinacos
from The Orthodox Messenger, Sept/Oct 1997
published bi-monthly by the SA Central Youth
PO Box 269, GLENELG SA 5045 AUSTRALIA
According to tradition, St. John the Apostle was assisted by St. Prochoros in writing the Gospel According to St. John. St. John, “Son of Thunder” (Mark 3:17), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. John and his brother, the Apostle James, were fishermen by trade, like their father Zebedee. John is believed to be the youngest Apostle and also “the beloved disciple” of Christ (John 13:23; 21:7,20). On the Cross, Jesus entrusted His mother, the Virgin Mary, to John’s care (John 19:26, 27). John was a “pillar” of the church in Jerusalem, and later moved to Ephesus. He served as the leading authority (“Elder,” lit. “presbyter,” in 2 John 1) of Ephesus for the remainder of his ministry. During the reign of the tyrannical Roman Emperor Domitian (A.D. 81-96), John was exiled to the nearby island of Patmos, where he wrote Revelation (also called the Apocalypse). Upon the emperor’s death he returned to Ephesus to resume his episcopacy and to write his Gospel.
John is the first of only three saints in history to be named by the Church “the Theologian,” because of the profundity of his Gospel, which has been called “the spiritual Gospel.” The new Testament contains four other books attributed to John: three letters (1, 2, and 3 John, written about 90 A.D., and the Book of Revelation, written about 95 A.D.
St. John the Apostle was almost one hundred years old when he died, about 96-100 A.D.
from The Orthodox Study Bible
Copyright © 1993 by St. Athanasius Orthodox Academy,
Nelson ISBN 0-8407-8391-4